With Congress out of session, Johnson began implementing a version of Reconstruction consistent with his political ideologies as a Democrat from Tennessee, but counter to those of Lincoln and the Republicans. The man on the left is a caricature of an Irish American man, whose hat reads "5 Points," referring to the New York City Irish residents, who are often configured as a mob. PK ! Wales, James A., "The 'Strong' government 1869-1877 -- The 'weak' government 1877-1881 / J.A. Then came massacres in Memphis and New Orleans in the summer of 1866, resulting in the deaths of dozens of African-Americans. “The war was not concluded, it simply assumed a new stage.”. She has previously written for The Atlantic, Salon, Nautilus and others. Created: Aug 26, 2016 | Updated: Feb 22, 2018. What does the tear in the map represent? Jul 27, 2012 - Explore Tony Zupancic's board "Reconstruction" on Pinterest. Reconstruction in Political Cartoons by EmmaLee Kuhlmann 1. Focus Standard: Social Studies Sample Reporting Standard 6: Apply and demonstrate knowledge of major eras, enduring themes and historic influences in … Both Lincoln and Johnson supported lenient plans for Reconstruction. f��ˉ�ao�.b*lI�r�j)�,l0�%��b� Visuals: Words (not all include words) 1. It was printed with a quote from a Birmingham News editorial threatening extermination of African Americans in the South and depicts a Union soldier standing between a cowering African American and a threatening former Confederate. “The reason it’s a game-changer is because it divides the 10 southern states into five military districts, requires new state constitutional conventions to be written, and it’s the first time African-American men are given a blanket right to vote over a large area,” says Richardson, a professor at Boston College and author of The Death of Reconstruction. Summary: By definition a political cartoon is … Political Cartoon Analysis: Reconstruction Introduction During Reconstruction, both scalawags and carpetbaggers were hated by traditional white, southern Democrats. Students will be able to examine a political cartoon and demonstrate its historical relevance and support their conclusions with evidence. Not a free republic. Thomas Nast, Political Cartoonist b. A�bBt�d��,�����)݌YȈۘF|���u����d�݊�L�q��uˑ}(D1� �μ�EB�1�Ks�+Mz�L �� PK ! Ultimately the legislators grew frustrated enough to vote to impeach him, making him the first U.S. president to be impeached—though he did serve out the rest of his term. A "carpetbagger" was a term used in the Reconstruction era (when this cartoon was composed) to describe a Northerner who moved to the destroyed South for political … But on March 2, 1867, Congress passed what historian Heather Richardson calls “one of the most important pieces of legislation in history”: the Military Reconstruction Act. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Using your knowledge of Reconstruction and the Political cartoons are drawings that describe an event in history. Political Cartoon Analysis. ߭�� G [Content_Types].xml �(� ���N�0E�H�C�-J\X ������J�v�Ic?�q_�8-QA))�M�Ĺ��3���Z��F�B�yΞ���K0S�����݌NO�ӍLHm0gU�s�h��u`h��^�@�~Ν��b�b0��Қ &�!z���J��C2^��- �%���bTΔ��uWx��C��D¹ZIhw|i�Od�*#e�V���H�+��v�G*�W$�Ã���W���r�i���6��,��Vݜ��t��+Z(����,���������`�{d�� But getting to the Reconstruction Act of 1867 was a long, painful slog. When looking at good examples for classroom use, the best online resource I have come across is Princeton University’s digital collection of Thomas Nast cartoons . Following Lincoln’s death, vice president Andrew Johnson ascended to the presidency in the spring of 1865. Glue the political cartoon you were assigned by the teacher into your notebook. ո,A�W�(�X�l���O���DŽ|이��q�܋���ӿQ������S1�ሊ��u/D�A��������*��s�C|��~�RQ�R�;�AA;����M�����A�ټ� �� �� PK ! He played on the racism that even northerners held. Circle the five most important details in each political cartoon. Leading up to the 1866 legislative elections, Nast harnessed the broad readership of Harper’s Weekly to skewer Johnson’s policies and convince voters to elect Republicans. Lorraine Boissoneault is a contributing writer to SmithsonianMag.com covering history and archaeology. The precursor to violence in the early Reconstruction era was, of course, the Civil War itself and Abraham Lincoln’s assassination. Give a Gift. Keep up-to-date on: © 2020 Smithsonian Magazine. But getting to the Reconstruction Act of 1867 was a long, painful slog. In the late fall of 1866 (dates varied from state to state), elections were held for the Senate and House of Representatives. Political identity iii. [u�ޮ�W��E_W�4h8�/"/�e�v&��aiXK~-t�0&M�%u��+����u�Db�t�C_��xy�@fB"S����_��y��Djb|驀) �nԡ��TX8�$�n�B���0�. Republicans began arguing that they needed a military presence in the South to protect the newly made citizens. B�9���׋Err�hYM�:�/���OSP����q���G����[���%��K_�76zRk5�*���֏��ü[��vri�e@CPlU��˸��ÌC4�Q��+�s\��Ľ��;]7=����/C&/1��A? Terms of Use Courtesy of Library of Congress 4. The cartoons are listed in chronological order so teachers are meant to “Those people who took the South out of the Union are now free and fair citizens again of the United States, less than a year after the end of the war.” The move infuriated northern Republicans, who rallied behind the message depicted in Nast’s cartoon, which Richardson describes as, “don’t put Johnson’s people in office because he’s going to give us back the world we had before the Civil War.”. The most relatable content for middle and high school students when it comes to Reconstruction are the many hundreds of political cartoons that were created at the time. Identify the cartoon caption and/or title. Use evidence from the cartoon to explain the artist’s evaluation of those laws. With the troops now mobilized in the former Confederacy, African-Americans’ rights could actually be protected. Vote Now! ��`T � word/document.xml�][o��~/����S�6%�f�؁�Irz;=y,V�JdMr�%)E) Through his work for Harper’s Weekly and other major publications, he offered some of “the most strident arguments objecting to violence against African-Americans,” says Brooks Simpson, professor of history at Arizona State University. Johnson offered general amnesty to all southerners who took an oath of future loyalty, demanded that high-ranking Confederate officials petition him personally, and required the southern states to ratify the 13th amendment, abolishing slavery. This cartoon presents one of Nast’s continual themes: that the Democratic party suppresses the rights and threatens the safety of black Americans. Reconstruction. Preview. A number of Reconstruction Acts continued to be passed, forcing the southern states to ratify the 14th Amendment (which provided citizenship rights and equal protection by law to African-Americans). At this time, political cartoons were also highly utilized methods of satirizing political debate. Transcript of "The Union as It Was" Political Cartoon Source-Dependent Questions By 1874, three amendments had been added to the U.S. Constitution and Congress had passed numerous Reconstruction and civil rights acts for the benefit of former slaves. The Republican majority tried to pass both a Civil Rights bill and an extension of the Freedman’s Bureau, both of which were aimed at giving African-Americans the rights to property, contracts and legal access that white male Americans took for granted. In this lesson, students will analyze two cartoons, drawn by Thomas Nast, to chart the evolution of Northern attitudes toward freedmen during Reconstruction. In the next two sections, you will examine a source that shows the negative side of Reconstruction. I. In the background, a schoolhouse burns, and a lynched freedman is shown hanging from a tree. Explain how Presidential Reconstruction helped advance the 5 ideals our country was founded on (equality, rights, liberty, opportunity, democracy). Just look at this cartoon by the renowned illustrator Thomas Nast from September 1866. List the objects or people you see in the cartoon. In political cartoon above Carl Schurz is shown in a negative light. In this political cartoon by Thomas Nast, which appeared in Harper’s Weekly in October 1874, the “White League” shakes hands with the Ku Klux Klan over a shield that shows a couple weeping over a baby. “They’re worried about not fully solving the slavery problem and letting it fester, and that might cause instability and even civil war again in the future,” Benedict says. Get the best of Smithsonian magazine by email. In his political cartoons, he repeatedly framed Johnson as a danger to the country and to African-Americans, despite Johnson arguing to the contrary. I am able to come to this conclusion because of his profession, appearance, and facial expression. “What was at stake was the kind of nation the U.S. was going to be,” says historian Michael Les Benedict. Website: http://www.lboissoneault.com/, Continue You will first look at one of the most famous cartoons from the period called “Worse than Slavery” from Harper’s Weekly drawn by the most famous political cartoonist in U.S. history, Thomas Nast. Analyzing Political Cartoons – Reconstruction. Using Ch. The … Image Analysis Questions: 1. In March 1867, it had been nearly two years since the end of the Civil War—but the bloodshed was far from over. Or a racist republic, one in which African-Americans had a place subservient to whites?”. Author: Created by Linni0011. According to the cartoon, what conditions or events are “worse than slaver. German-born political cartoonist Thomas Nast gave America some of its most enduring symbols: the Republican elephant, the Democratic donkey, and Uncle Sam. Republican legislators were appalled when they returned to Congress in December 1865, and immediately tousled with Johnson for the future of the country. or Nast’s cartoon, and its embrace of a multicultural American dinner table, apparently caused some long-term indigestion for a lot of people — so much so that almost a decade later, coinciding with the end of Reconstruction, another cartoonist did a riff on it, but repeating every nasty racial and ethnic stereotype he could imagine. Schurz is presented as a carpetbagger, or a person that traveled from the North to the South after the Civil War to profit from the Reconstruction. highly opinionated depictions of what Reconstruction policies meant to the readers in their cities. Advertising Notice Privacy Statement She is also the author of The Last Voyageurs: Retracing La Salle's Journey Across America. Have students create their own political cartoon from the time period depicting how they felt African-Americans were treated during the time of Reconstruction. Name: _____ Date: _____ Class: _____ Directions: For the political cartoon at the bottom right of the page, answer all of the following questions that apply. In this lesson, students will examine various political cartoons and other images from around the United States printed during Reconstruction. What kind of republic was going to emerge? y ”? This Lesson is on powerpoint and asks students to analyze political cartoons- as if they were writing a blog. ��� N _rels/.rels �(� ���JA���a�}7� Your job will be to analyze the political cartoon in order to understand the perspective of the cartoonist's opinion or bias on the event. 6�i���D�_���, � ���|u�Z^t٢yǯ;!Y,}{�C��/h> �� PK ! HIRE verified writer $35.80 for a 2-page paper. Political Cartoon 1 - Level 1. How would Hayes' non-interventionist policies have impacted both the makeup of Southern governments and the civil and political rights gained by African Americans during Reconstruction? The purpose is that Payne is in favor of gun control and against the NRA’s belief in owning weapons. Students examine Political Cartoon #1: Pardon and Franchise i. “We had been a slave republic. The artist came to the United States from Germany when he was 6. “He pardons all but about 1,500 of the leading Confederates,” Richardson says. NAMES: TACKLE Cartoon Analysis Worksheet Contextualization plays a critical role in the process of interpreting a cartoon. Cartoon Analysis Worksheet Answers Best Of Reconstruction Political Cartoons Questions one of Chessmuseum Template Library - free resume template for word education on a resume example ideas, to explore this Cartoon Analysis Worksheet Answers Best Of Reconstruction Political Cartoons Questions idea you can browse by and . As more African Americans migrated North in the aftermath of the Civil War, some northerners’ opinions about freedmen changed. "���H�w"����w̤ھ�� �P�^����O֛���;��aYՠ؛`G�kxm��PY�[��g Gΰino�/"f3��\�ȾT��I S����������W����Y ig�@��X6_�]7~ A scalawag was a white Southerner who collaborated with northern Republicans during Reconstruction, often for personal profit. y. Analsis Activit Students will identify the cartoonist’s intentions and evaluate the effectiveness of each cartoon's message. Reconstruction political cartoon analysis lesson plan (no rating) 0 customer reviews. *h���^�UahO�ڨ���}/�$=�U�-h�%�5g>΋^�h\+��Ts�u� �E�d��k�<0h� ��ڳ�T V���2xG���W The period of America’s history known as Reconstruc- tion was a tumultuous experience for everyone who ex- perienced it, even as they experienced it in different ways. Closing: Students will turn in the 4 analysis sheets and their political cartoon that they See more ideas about political cartoons, american history, reconstruction. Wales," 1880. What does the needle and thread symbolize? To learn more about the issues in 1866 and how Nast used symbolism to capture them, click through the document above. What view of the Reconstruction policy does the cartoonist appear to be expressing? 11 of the History Alive! Republicans won a supermajority, and with their numbers were able to pass the Military Reconstruction Act. Get a verified writer to help you with Political Cartoon Analysis. “Johnson argues that Republicans in Congress are planning to use tax dollars to give advantages to African-Americans that whites don’t have, by keeping the military in the south after the Civil War. In this well known cartoon, Nast represents members of the Democratic party crushing an African American Union veteran who reaches for a ballot box. Cartoon Analysis Worksheet Answers October 24, 2016 0 reza Reconstruction political cartoons questions cartoon analysis worksheet part 2 cartoon analysis worksheet 11 online tasks 38 0 obj >stream u q e [Content_Types].xml ( ̖]K 0 Cɭ * Make sure you SHARE the document with your teacher before submitting. Johnson continued to work against Congress, encouraging southern states to reject the 14th Amendment. Citation Information. �:ܗ�8��D\y{��?�4�8�N&E�qg��7I���Al�"��~��JƲ���28���g���T�AͪZ�*R�q���y8�q%+.�-MF"D]=����R����h�G]�>� ����I7�Z���M,�� ����Q�>S߸�ˌ���CŤ�����1����dT�X�u&*b܆e�P�3oI��p\��H3M\̈u����i4nN�Wڇ�n\M�Zf5�̛�Z�R3S��周���|�R� �uFY9���JgD#6�@�87�˲jV��Z�o]c�YV��:l7�7/D��~BON�j�������˺�kE���=��W�=��q�֮dw��⽃����"�� 嵒��o�� ��㭨�Cە�9^�|B�*��l|�2�Z?���u�3������C#;���.:[kT��v��G]�z�Q�o+̗��p�7>�4���3��r�+���#��8��}�_��"Eԉd��z?��J��bK? Cookie Policy y. sis Activit. 38 0 obj >stream Reconstruction Sac Student Documents And Worksheet Dochub. What does the caption tell you about reconstruction? Left to manage their own affairs, many of the former Confederate states passed Black Codes that stripped African-Americans of almost all rights and essentially returned them to a forced labor system. A republic dedicated to freedom and equality? Political cartoonist Thomas Nast depicts his thoughts of racism in America during the Reconstruction era. Massacres of African-Americans in southern states had continued unabated, and the federal government was locked in its own bloodless battles over how to repair a country split in two. q��Vb P word/_rels/document.xml.rels �(� ��MO!��&�� w�n[[5���&�j�g���60U���6m����0�y^f`2�Vu� �I�s��=��榐�������$�.Xm4�d �̦�W���M���K|�rR!6�:^�b.5 h�"�U�Ԗ�a���@��ވ�v2=ʙ̋��y����+���!9�R����k��̖�9QPH� RP����%�5�L�Qt+�+;>>u����K��� ��p��zú8�|�������ӟ�� �)�Wj ֗��` 11. 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This Lesson Plan explores political cartoons related to the Civil War, the Presidential Elections of 1860 and 1864, and Reconstruction. Therefore it is a redistribution of wealth from hardworking white people to lazy African-Americans,” Richardson says. Students will discern Nast’s opinions of the actions of the North and South during the Civil War, Reconstruction, and political campaigns. Political Cartoon Analysis Worksheet. 17th Annual Photo Contest Finalists Announced. Smithsonian Institution. Just look at this cartoon by the renowned illustrator Thomas Nast from September 1866. In fact, placing cartoons in their historical context may be the most important factor in understanding their meaning. California Do Not Sell My Info Student groups discuss and answer questions ii. Students will follow the rubric that is provided for them to create their political cartoon. �?��@���K��. 1--This Lesson Plan explores political cartoons related to the Civil War, the Presidential Elections of 1860 and 1864, and the Post-War Reconstruction.2--These visual aids (See the Primary Resources List in Part ) help in understanding the differing opinions before, during, and after the Civil War, as well as provide a perspective from those who actually lived it. In an attempt to prevent a Republican supermajority, the president attacked the Republicans’ Reconstruction plan as overly costly, and disadvantaging white Americans by giving African-Americans more rights. Reconstruction survived until 1877, when President Hayes withdrew the last federal troops from the South. /�����ԝ�`�8��|F~��þ8�#����kQgQ���:Օ�p�*� ������_�,\�]Z8��0D�h�"-��Ѣ��������%.�RJ]� C�b)��Њ��EW���蚩��4�� *�&��8ɮU�Yk�Z�Q�l�a��խ����Q��ײ. Political cartoons can be important evidence for historians investigating popular opinion. 11.3: Political Cartoon 2 – “Collision on the Grand Trunk Columbia Railroad” These visual aids help in understanding the differing opinions before, during, and after the Civil War, as well as provide a perspective from those who actually lived it. The caption lets the viewer know that he is specifically criticizing the Democratic party’s opposition to Reconstruction legislation. History Alive! Ch. 2. 11.2: Political Cartoon 1 - “Lincoln and Johnson” What does the pictures show? textbook, define the following terms: II. This political cartoon from an 1875 issue of Harper's Weekly was a response to calls for removing Union forces from the South in the Reconstruction period. 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'S board `` Reconstruction '' on Pinterest their meaning assumed a new stage. ” from over ] [ %. In which African-Americans had a place subservient to whites? ” //www.lboissoneault.com/ reconstruction political cartoon analysis or... Of the Reconstruction Act into your notebook effectiveness of each cartoon 's message republic one. In March 1867, it simply assumed a new stage. ” for historians investigating popular.! Each cartoon 's message the renowned illustrator Thomas Nast from September 1866 getting the! With political cartoon above Carl Schurz is shown hanging from a tree ascended to the in. And Abraham Lincoln ’ s evaluation of those laws of 1866, resulting in the former,... ) 1 Reconstruction Act of 1867 was a long, painful slog their political cartoon 2 – “ Collision the..., political cartoons – Reconstruction then came massacres in Memphis and new Orleans in the Reconstruction... 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